Department of Historiography and Sourse studies
Historical science, in contrast to many other differs by close attention to their own history. (For) Over time, the history of historical science emphasized to the special research area, and in the study of history - to one of the most important special historical disciplines. The second is called historiography.
The focus of the historiography, directed at:
- Theoretical problems of historiographical analysis, progress of its methodology, of opinion conflict on fundamental theoretical and methodological issues (problems);
- The evolution of the expansion and changes both the themes, which are developed (projected) by historians, and sources involved in this case (in it);
- Improvement of the methods of scientific analysis, source methods of research, source criticism;
- The nature of historical material presentation, historians’ writing style of different eras (epochs).
Institutionalization of historiography in its academic sense in Uzbekistan was held (created, began) in the late 60's. of twentieth century, when in the Institute of History, in accordance with a special resolution of the Presidium of Uzbek Academy of Sciences, there were organized the sector, and subsequently the Department of Historiography. Later, as more institutional and department’s Topics progression it was renamed to Department of historiography, source and methods of historical research. From 1968 to 1988. Department’s head were Dr, prof. B.V Lunin, in 1988 - 1992. - Ph.D. V.A Germanov, and from 1992 to present - PhD, Professor. D.A Alimova.
Creation of a special department stimulated the further development of historiography as one of the leading research activities of the Institute of History. Over time, the department has become a center of historiographical work in the country (in republic). It’s work was an additional motivation to revitalize and expand the work of historiography, to establish links with historians and historiographers of other regions, to consolidate and coordinate their efforts, creative contacts and exchange experiences.
An important milestone in the history of Department, and entire national historiography when Uzbekistan gained its independence, the need to actualize a new start and a new level of quality to revision of accumulated historiographical materials. In this work, historians have been designed to help to overcome historians’ old approaches in (marking) assessment of facts and events of national history, ideological bias and excessive politicization of historical knowledge, that binds researchers creativity. Department’s activity from the 90-thies of the 20 century intended to solve these problems. From the perspective of a new period in history, the Department has developed a program of fundamental works, gradually illuminating the historical evolution of thought in the country.
Coordination of historiographical research, establishing working relationship, identifying problem areas and future development, (enormously, hugely) contributed to chain of scientific and practical conferences of regional and national level under the title "Historiographical reading" organized and conducted under the auspices of the Department during the period 1989 - 2012 .
Convenient platform for a broad discussion of methodological issues in modern historical thought was organized by the department of scientific and theoretical seminar "Friday's meeting at the Institute of History."
Overall, the recent experience of the modern Uzbek historiography shows that this important area of historical knowledge can not progress out of close development of modern methods and the theory of history. These tasks solution could be effective if to include a number of factors that characterize the modern historiographical situation in Uzbekistan's historical science.
First, the historical development of science and education take place new stage of the information revolution, when the considerably increased the capacity of the science and study of the historical literature, published abroad in the past poorly available to our readers. These studies are based largely on a basis other than published in the country for many years, methodological and theoretical basis, demonstrating different scientific approaches.
Secondly, it is a kind of archival revolution occurring in the study of national history from the early 1990's. A vast array of previously unavailable information to the science, requires not just introducing it into science, but also new theoretical and methodological approaches to its interpretation. A proportion of the constructs and conclusion of the Uzbek historiography being under the pressure of this previously unknown information needs either complete revision or serious specification.
Third, Uzbek historians can not ignore the urgent need to overcome the negative effects of the recent past, associated with the domination of monopolical methodology in historical science. Ideas and works of Max Weber, Spengler, Toynbee, Foucault, Said and others, the concept of the Annales school, Tartu school, historical anthropology, the macro and the micro approaches to the study of the past – are not only included in modern historical building, but also to be understood and interpreted in the process of historical research.
Finally, despite the considerable distance covered by national historiography for forty-odd years, the development of historical thought at this stage poses new challenges and new problems before specialists historiographers.
Department’s planning projects:
2011-2016 The history and historiography of education: problems, development and researches
2009-2011 The history and historians of Uzbekistan in XX century
2007-2011 The formation and evolution of historical viewpoints in Uzbekistan (from ancient time till present)
2003-2007 Essays of historiography of Uzbekistan in XX century
2003-2005 The Academy of Science in history of intellectual life of Uzbekistan
1997-2002 Turkestan as object and phenomenon of world historiography